A vaginal yeast infection refers to an infection that results from yeast overgrowth, which is a kind of fungus. It is also referred to as vulvovaginal candidiasis or candida vaginitis. Yeast infections are majorly instigated by the fungus known as Candida albicans. Other Candida species that can cause it include C.krusei, C. tropicalis, C. parapsilosis, and C.glabrata. It is estimated that up to 75% of women will in their lifetimes get a vaginal yeast infection at least once, and between 40% and 50% of women will get a yeast infection more than once.
Non-Genital Yeast Infections:
Although this term ‘yeast infection’ is usually used in referring to a vaginal infection, it happens to also apply to other kinds of candidiasis. The yeast infection that affects the mouth is referred to as oropharyngeal candidiasis or thrush. The yeast infection of the skin that usually occurs in areas that are warm and moist, for instance, groin and armpits is known as cutaneous candidiasis. In case Candida gets into your bloodstream, for instance through the use of a tainted intravenous catheter, it can result in a very deadly infection that is known as invasive candidiasis.
What Are The Causes Of Yeast Infections?:
Yeast infection occurs when something unsettles the balance between the different micro-organisms which reside in your body, for instance:
• Immune suppressing ailments, for example, HIV
• Lack of sleep and stress. These two weakens your immune system.
• Certain medications, such as steroids, anti-biotics and birth control pills
Furthermore, certain lifestyles habits can also encourage Candida’s growth, for example:
• Maintaining poor vaginal sanitation
• Douching, or the use of IUD
• Putting on clothing which keeps the vaginal area both moist and warm, for example, synthetic underwear, tight jeans or spandex, and pajama bottoms.
• Use of feminine sprays, bubble baths, and scented soaps.
• Eating a diet which is high in sugar.
Yeast Infection Complications:
A few types of yeast infections or candidiasis can result in serious health issues in case they are left untreated. Yeast infections are a common complication of other conditions, for instance, pregnancy.
Thrush or oral candidiasis is rarely a problem for healthy adults and children. However, in case you have an immune system that has been compromised by persistent steroid use or HIV, thrush can result in serious systemic infections. After a period of time, the yeast can get into the bloodstream (invasive candidiasis) and travel to different parts of the body, including heart valves, liver, and lungs. According to the a report that was published in 2007 in the journal known as Clinical Microbiology Review, Candida yeasts in the US are the 4th leading cause of infections that are related to the bloodstream. Invasive candidiasis can ultimately result in the failure of organs and death.
Vulvovaginal candidiasis is particularly common among a majority of pregnant women. It is for this reason that the infections are usually seen to be a pregnancy complication. Pregnancy increase one’s risk of getting a yeast infection due to the hormonal changes, the high levels of oestrogen in the body helps in the growth of candida.
Furthermore, vaginal secretions during pregnancy have much higher concentrations of sugar, which is a known yeast food source. The severity and symptoms of a yeast infection are no very different, and they are treated in a similar manner. 7 days use of the topical azoles is recommended for the treatment of yeast infection for pregnant women; however, oral azoles have not been verified to be safe for women who are pregnant.
Vaginal yeast infection is seen by many people as a type 2 diabetes complication. This is because the metabolic condition will make you more vulnerable to this infection. Diabetes mellitus will make you susceptible to infections by the species of yeast (C. glabarta) that are resistant to azole.
In case your diabetes is uncontrolled, you will tend to have very high levels of sugar in your blood, this will also affect the sugar levels in your other parts of the body. Particularly, the mucous membrane in the vulva and vagina becomes saturated with sugar, permitting Candida to quickly reproduce. The risk of vulvo-vaginal candidiasis is not very great for women that have well-controlled diabetes, however a diet which is high in refined sugars can significantly contribute to the yeast infection’s risk for a diabetic woman.
Women who have vaginal yeast infections and diabetes may need much longer treatment courses more than women who do not have diabetes. Normally, between seven to fourteen days of topical azoles use or 2 to 3 doses of azoles can be used.
Yeast Infections Symptoms in Women:
Not all women will exhibit symptoms that are noticeable when they get a yeast infection, particularly if it is mild. Yeast infections symptoms in women include the following:
• Burning feeling during urination.
• The vulva region will start to swell.
• Pain during sexual intercourse.
• Gray/white vaginal discharge which can be thick.
• Burning in the vaginal area
• Itching in around the vulva and the vaginal areas.
A majority of vaginal yeast infections do not give out a strong vaginal smell; a fishy smell is a lot more common with bacterial infections that are caused by Candida albicans.
Yeast Infection Diagnosis:
As forthright as it might seem, a majority of physicians discourage individuals from diagnosing and treating a yeast infection individually. This is mainly because vaginal infections that are caused by bacteria, and also STIs can have similar symptoms of yeast infection, but they will need different treatments.
As yeast infection treatments have become available in many drugstores as OTC drugs, a majority of women today will visit the nearest drugstore and purchase an anti-fungal cream. However, almost two-thirds of the drugs that are purchased by women who do not really suffer from vaginal yeast infection, this is according to CDC (Centres for Disease Control and Prevention). This vaginal infection’s misdiagnosis is a very serious issue.
Just as bacteria is increasing becoming resistant to anti-biotics, yeast which usually resides in the vagina is becoming resistant to anti-fungal medications. In case this occurs, it can become very hard to treat a yeast infection when the individual really develops one. It is for this reason that the American Academy of Family Physicians recommend that, for the first episode that one develops of a yeast infection, they should see a doctor so that they get an accurate diagnosis. In case a woman has had a yeast infection which was diagnosed by a physician in the past, and she feels convinced that her current symptoms are as a result of a yeast infection, it is practical to ask her doctor about treating herself with the use of OTC medication.
Yeast infections as it has been stated in this article affects a majority of women today. For many people, medications can prove to be expensive as these yeast infections tend to occur a few times in their lifetimes. If you want a comprehensive guide that will give you the tips and several home remedies that you can use to get rid of yeast infection, get this book- ‘Yeast No More’, written by Linda Allen. The book’s current price is $97, however, we are giving you at a great discount, and you can now get it at just $39 that means you will save $58.
Click Here To Read More: